After the technology revolution, industries have now started using data significantly. Storage of information is more flexible and progressive. Advances in virtual reality and augmented reality are all making a new way to the digital world. With the advancements in digital technology most of the manufacturing industries have redefined itself.

Eventually, the scale of evolution is changing as entire industries and the organisations have transformed in the digital era. For instance in manufacturing the manual processes are now taken over by automating tools which have not only made the work easier but increased its efficiency too. Work enabled infrastructure enables the industries to maintain an IT network to reduce the data and network latency. The business leaders aim to capitalise on digital disruption and the opportunities it offers to their business.

With the advancements in digital transformation the drive of robotics and IoT’s improve the product efficiency and make it effective too. Almost every sector is now equipped by the digital transformation such as aerospace, industrial manufacturing, automotive etc. Digital technologies could relieve employees from repetitive manual tasks and enable them to focus on analytical and creative activity instead.

Main advantages of taking the digital strategies in manufacturing industry are –

  1. Improved performance and flexibility.
  2. Increased productivity.
  3. Reorganization of the supply chain.
  4. Mass customization.

The manufacturing industry is evolving into digital world because of focusing at improving production efficiency, delivery reliability and improved profit margin, which in the end will benefit the customers and industry combinedly. The digitization not only makes a way for the manufacturers to rapidly grow but also to lessen the manual work by automating the procedures. This rapid development by automated technology has now opened new doors to several innovative technical platforms which continuously helps in improving the productivity as well.

Digital resources like IoT, drone delivery, robots manufacturing and 3-D printing are transforming manufacturing and value chain by smart machines and code to augment human workers and customers. Nowadays manufacturers are putting more information in their customers hands which increases the communication and involvement in a more organized and secure manner.

There are many different tooling processes that digital manufacturing utilizes. However, every digital manufacturing process involves the use of computerized numerical controlled machines (CNC). This technology is crucial in digital manufacturing as it not only enables mass production and flexibility, but it also provides a link between a CAD model and production. The two primary categories of CNC tooling are additive and subtractive. Major strides in additive manufacturing have come about recently and are at the forefront of digital manufacturing. These processes allow machines to address every element of a part no matter the complexity of its shape.

The current trend of automation and data exchange in manufacturing technology is Industry 4.0. It represents a digital revolutionization in  manufacturing industry where an interoperability is attained. It takes along the process of production,designing and all the improvements needed together. Industry 4.0 allows manufacturers to have more flexible manufacturing processes that can better react to customer demands.

There are four design principles in Industry 4.0. These principles support companies in identifying and implementing Industry 4.0 scenarios.

  1. Interoperability: The ability of machines, devices, sensors, and people to connect and communicate with each other via the Internet of Things (IoT) or the Internet of People (IoP).
  2. Adding IoT will further automate the process to a large extent.
  3. Information transparency : The ability of information systems to create a virtual copy of the physical world by enriching digital plant models with sensor data. This requires the aggregation of raw sensor data to higher-value context information.
  4. Technical assistance : First, the ability of assistance systems to support humans by aggregating and visualizing information comprehensively for making informed decisions and solving urgent problems on short notice. Second, the ability of cyber physical systems to physically support humans by conducting a range of tasks that are unpleasant, too exhausting, or unsafe for their human co-workers.
  5. Decentralized decisions: The ability of cyber physical systems to make decisions on their own and to perform their tasks as autonomously as possible. Only in the case of exceptions, interferences, or conflicting goals, are tasks delegated to a higher level.

However, the conclusion is Digital manufacturing is a journey that demands organizational maturity to adapt and embrace this revolution.The manufacturing sector has the unique opportunity to leverage the IT and Operational Technology (OT) expertise, and become locally and globally competitive.